Fasting: Science-Based Benefits

Fasting is the practice of abstaining from food and drink for a particular period of time. People fast as part of their culture, religion or simply for their health.  Studies show that there are actually a good deal of benefits to be reaped from a specific type of fasting called- intermittent fasting (IF). Here’s a list that may convince you to make IF part of your lifestyle:
  • It May Increase Your Lifespan - Fasting has an effect on how the cells in our body rejuvenates themselves, out with the old, in with the new, via autophagy. That way your cells will perform optimally, and even renew themselves!  It may even make you look younger and healthier.
  • Increase Stress Resistance - Stress and anxiety make us age faster and have other negative effects on our health, but fasting can help us become more durable against it. Fasting enhances our body’s molecules’ ability to source out energy through various channels, apart from just relying on the nutrients provided by food. It may also assist in scavenging free radicals, otherwise described as molecules that are unstable and can cause physical stress.
  • Improve Mental Clarity - It’s a fact that eating certain types of food may affect our body negatively, pushing it to work harder, and even giving us brain fog; However, fasting can help us achieve a clear state of mind. It makes us concentrate better, thus becoming more efficient. The result is similar to when you  finish a good workout at the gym. So, you may consider fasting to enhancing your mental prowess.
  • May Help Prevent Cancer - Fasting might not totally, nor directly prevent a person from getting cancer, but it may be a result of its overall effect on the body. First of all, it relieves our body of unneeded toxins that can become harmful in the long run. It rids our systems of free radicals, and it could help in the prevention of tumors and swellings. It certainly eliminates the chances of people developing certain cancer types.
  • Improves the Immune System - Fasting also has immune boosting benefits as well, which means that as seasons change our bodies are able to readily adapt and we’ll get sick less, or perhaps not at all. We become less vulnerable to colds, flues, and other viruses. Fasting helps the body renew itself, and it revitalizes our cells.
  • Raises HGH Levels - Human Growth Hormones, or HGH, promotes growth both in children and adults. It helps in packing up those muscles and maintaining them, especially if you’re an athlete and tend to workout hard. It promotes bone development and overall body performance. With fasting raising HGH levels, you’re likely to burn fat faster too.
  • Boost Metabolism and Promote Weight Loss - Achieving a desired weight is difficult. It will take time to properly lose weight, and apart from exercising regularly, it is important to complement your effort with strategic fasting and following a well balanced diet. Studies have shown that fasting promotes higher levels of norepinephrine. It is a neurotransmitter that could trigger higher metabolic rates, therefore, bumping up fat burning. While fasting is a healthy practice that makes you lose weight and generally keeps you healthy, it is vital to be prudent about it.


5 Unpleasant Facts About Food Poisoning

Getting food poisoning, even if it’s an especially mild case, can be one of the most unpleasant things you’re likely to ever experience. Because let’s face it: any time spent in distress in the bathroom is not time well spent, and a case of food poisoning can knock you out for days. So just to get your stomach roiling a little bit, here are five facts about food poisoning that, well, aren’t too pleasant.

There are Five Different Ways to Contract It. Not all food poisoning is the same. In fact, there are five different ways to contract foodborne illness: Eating food that’s spoiled; eating food that’s been contaminated by pathogenic bacteria (like salmonella or E. coli), viruses (like norovirus) or parasites; and eating food that has natural toxins, like poisonous mushrooms.

The Incubation Period Can Leave You Guessing Where it Came From
While certain toxins in food can have you heading for the bathroom an hour after eating something bad, many of the worst forms of foodborne illnesses only present themselves after a lengthy incubation period. Microbes have to pass through the stomach into the intestine and multiply, which can mean that days can pass before the first symptoms present themselves (listeria poisoning can take months to manifest). Because of this, it’s oftentimes impossible to pinpoint what the exact offender was without further investigation.


Animals That Mate for Life

When it comes to fidelity, lovebirds could write the book. (Photo: Getty Images)

When it comes to bonding for life, we humans may think we have it all figured out, but it turns out our animal friends might be able to teach us a thing or two about fidelity.

True monogamy is rare in the animal kingdom, but it does exist among certain species. It's unclear whether or not these animals feel "love" for their partners in the same way that humans do, but it is clear that for many species, forming a lifetime pair bond is as much about survival of the species as it is about having someone to help build your nest and keep your feathers clean.

No matter the reason for their monogamy, we humans can learn a lot from the dedication shown by several animal species to their mates. Scroll through this list to meet eight of the wonderful animal pairs that mate for life:
  • Swans - Symbols of True Love
  • Wolves - Loyal for Life
  • Albatross - Always Faithful
  • Gibbons - Maybe Faithful, Maybe Not
  • French Angelfish - Love Under the Sea
  • Turtle Doves - Always in Twos
  • Prairie Voles - Romantic Rodents
  • Termites - A Family Affair


9 Words Will Make You Fluent In Internet Slang

Languages, just like all other things human developments, evolve and grow over time. The advent of the internet has allowed many languages to enjoy a plethora of new words and expression. While these words usually start off as a bit cutting edge, only belonging to obscure internet communities, they eventually seep into the mainstream and sometimes even into official dictionaries! While some of the terms may elicit a chuckle from older generations, some of them would still pass it off as something to chuckle at. That being said, here is a list of internet slang to give you a boost on world wide web knowledge:
  • Hashtag
  • AMA (Ask Me Anything)
  • Bump
  • Noob
  • Lurker
  • Meme
  • Facepalm
  • Epic
  • Troll


New Insights Into Knee Pain

Knee Pain

Symptomatic knee pain is common and increases with age. In Singapore, symptomatic knee pain is common and increases with age, especially from age 40 and above. It may also be more common in Indians, followed by Malays and Chinese1. This is a knee joint with possible structures that can cause pain around the knee.

As knee pain is a symptom and not a medical diagnosis, these are other symptoms that you may feel with your knee pain:
  • Joint pain or aches around the knee
  • Short period of stiffness in the morning
  • Mild swelling around the knee
  • Painful clicking of the knee joint
  • Pain with activities (e.g. squatting, climbing stairs) which relieves with rest
  • Reduce knee joint movement 
Common risk factors:
  • Overweight
  • Poor sleep, low mood, anxiety
  • Overloading with activities 
  • Older age (>40 years old)
  • Previous knee injury (e.g. ligament injury, fracture)
  • Muscle weakness (e.g. hip, knee)

What to Know About Joint Pain in the Knee

When there are problems that affect joints, or the areas where bones meet together, you may experience pain along with other symptoms like swelling and stiffness. The knee is the largest and strongest joint in your body. Here’s what to know about the potential causes of joint pain in the knee, as well as the symptoms and treatment options.

The common causes of knee joint pain may include the following:
  • Arthritis - Arthritis refers to joint pain, stiffness, and inflammation.
  • Bursitis - Bursitis is a type of inflammation of a bursa, which is a small sac that cushions your bones, tendons, and muscles. It can cause pain, swelling, and redness along the infected joint.
  • Gout - Gout is a common type of inflammatory arthritis that most often starts in your lower limbs, particularly the big toe. It’s caused by a buildup of uric acid in the body, which may then lead to the development of crystals within the affected joints.
  • Chondromalacia of the patella - Chondromalacia is specific to the kneecaps and is caused by a breakdown of cartilage.
  • Tendinitis - Tendinitis is a type of overuse injury that results in inflammation of the tendons, which connect between your muscles and bones.
  • Joint infection - Also known as septic arthritis or infectious arthritis, a joint infection may develop if a bacterial, viral, or fungal infection spreads to your joints.
  • Osteoporosis - Mostly affecting people born female over the age of 50Trusted Source, osteoporosis is an age-related bone disease that can lead to weakness and fractures.
  • Fibromyalgia - Fibromyalgia is known for causing widespread pain and extreme fatigue.
  • Injury - Injuries from falls and direct blows to the knee may also cause joint pain.
The symptoms of knee joint pain may vary based on the underlying cause, but can include:
  • pain that gradually develops over time
  • pain that’s worse in the morning or after rest
  • pain that may radiate beyond the knee area
  • tenderness
  • redness
  • flare-ups after vigorous activities
  • weakness, swelling, and stiffness in the knee that may limit range of motion
  • “creaking” sounds in the knee

Knee Pain

Knee pain is a common complaint that affects people of all ages. Knee pain may be the result of an injury, such as a ruptured ligament or torn cartilage. Medical conditions — including arthritis, gout and infections — also can cause knee pain.

Many types of minor knee pain respond well to self-care measures. Physical therapy and knee braces also can help relieve pain. In some cases, however, your knee may require surgical repair.

The location and severity of knee pain may vary, depending on the cause of the problem. Signs and symptoms that sometimes accompany knee pain include:
  • Swelling and stiffness
  • Redness and warmth to the touch
  • Weakness or instability
  • Popping or crunching noises
  • Inability to fully straighten the knee

Knee Pain

Knee pain is an extremely common symptom that can result from everything from a temporary injury to a chronic condition like arthritis. You can usually treat knee pain at home with rest and over-the-counter medicine. Visit a healthcare provider if you’ve experienced an injury or have knee pain for more than a few days in a row.

What is knee pain? Knee pain is pain or discomfort you feel in or around your knee joint. Joints are places in your body where two bones meet. Your knee joint connects your thigh to your lower leg. It’s where your thigh bone (femur) meets your shin bone (tibia). The knee is the biggest joint in your body, and it absorbs and supports a lot of your weight as you move. That’s why it’s one of the most commonly injured joints. Knee pain can be a temporary, short-term problem, but it can also be a chronic (long-term) issue that needs diagnosis and treatment by a healthcare provider.

Where you feel knee pain usually depends on which part or parts of your joint are damaged. You might feel pain:
  • Close to the surface above or behind your knee (usually an issue with your muscles, tendons or ligaments).
  • Deeper inside your knee (pain that comes from your bones or cartilage).
  • In multiple parts of your knee or leg. Knee pain can sometimes spread (radiate) to other areas. You may feel pain on one side that sometimes feels like it’s coming from the back of your knee. Pain can also radiate to areas around your knee, like your lower leg or thigh.

Knee pain

Knee pain is pain in or around the knee. The knee joint consists of an articulation between four bones: the femur, tibia, fibula and patella. There are four compartments to the knee. These are the medial and lateral tibiofemoral compartments, the patellofemoral compartment and the superior tibiofibular joint. 

The components of each of these compartments can experience repetitive strain, injury or disease. Running long distance can cause pain to the knee joint, as it is a high-impact exercise. The location and severity of knee pain may vary, depending on the cause of the problem.

Signs and symptoms that sometimes accompany knee pain include:
  • Swelling and stiffness
  • Redness and warmth to the touch
  • Weakness or instability
  • Popping or crunching noises
  • Inability to fully straighten the knee