Remembering Lin Dai 林 黛
Born: 26 December 1934 & Died: 17 July 1964

Fifty years ago today, Lin Dai 林 黛 committed suicide. She was 29 years old, at the height of her career. Her death sent shock waves through Chinese communities all over the world. It's hard to overestimate the impact.  I can still recall the sense of utter disbelief when the news broke.

Lin Dai seemed to have everything going for her. Her movies were guaranteed box office hits, artistically as well as commercially top notch. She seemed to radiate happiness whatever she did. On camera, she seemed to glow. Even in private life she was vibrant and charming. Why did she want to die?  There had been a trivial family misunderstanding but nothing to suggest suicide. She was given a proper Catholic funeral, since the bishop ruled that her death wasn't intentional.

To this day, fans flock to give their respects at her pink marble tombstone. After  her death, her husband Lung Shun-shing kept their room exactly as she had left it, with her hair in her hairbrush and her lipsticks on the dressing table. When he died a few years ago, the room was preserved intact in a museum.

Linda Lin Dai 遴 带

The original screen goddess of Mandarin-language films, Linda Lin Dai was born as Cheng Yue Ru to a politician’s family in Guangxi, China. Lin migrated to Hong Kong with her family in 1948. She joined Yung Hwa Motion Picture in 1952 after leaving the Great Wall Pictures Corporation, where she joined a year earlier, and made her big-screen debut in Singing Under The Moon. The film made her an instant success.

For the next decade, Lin’s star would burn with ferocious brightness as she won the hearts of audiences with more than 40 films. Off the screen, she married tycoon Lung Shun-shing in 1961 at the age of 26. Lin won over the critics by winning an unprecedented four Best Actress awards at the Asian Film Festival for The Golden Lotus, Diau Charn, Les Belles and Love Without End during her career.

Sadly, she committed suicide in 1964, leaving behind two unfinished films, The Lotus Lamp and The Blue And The Black (I and II). In 1995, Linda Lin Dai was the only Mandarin movie star featured in the Hong Kong Movie Stars stamp collection released by the Hong Kong Post Office. It is an evident that Linda Lin Dai is still living in the hearts of many Chinese audiences even though she has passed away for almost forty years.

Hong Kong actress Lin Dai’s tragic suicide in 1964
Fans in shock after actress dies from an overdose of sleeping pills & inhalation of methane gas just a few months short of her 30th birthday

“Film Star Dies In Gas-Filled Bedroom,” ran a headline in the South China Morning Post on July 18, 1964.

The story continued: “Miss Lin Dai, the well-known Mandarin actress, was found unconscious in her gas-filled bedroom yesterday afternoon. She was certified dead on arrival in hospital.”

The 29-year-old star – who had won the best actress award at the Asia-Pacific Film Festival four times – had been discovered by her husband, Lung Shun-shing, at their home in Jardine’s Lookout. On returning to the flat, he had found the door to his wife’s bedroom locked, the Post reported.

Why did Lin Dai, a 30-year-old four-time Asia-Pacific actress commit suicide?

On 17 July 1964, Hong Kong Shaw Brothers movie superstar Lin Dai took overdose of sleeping pills and turned on gas at her Happy Valley apartment to commit suicide. She was only 30 years old and her body was buried in Happy Valley Catholic Cemetery.

Since 1957, at the Asia Pacific Film Festival, the only international film festival in the Asia-Pacific region, Lin Dai has won 4 best actress awards. This honorary record has not been broken so far. Lin Dai debuted for 12 years, starred in nearly 50 movies, not only outstanding acting skills, created countless box office miracles, but also beautiful, exquisite body, there are countless fans and admirers. Therefore, when the news of Lin Dai's death came out, it shocked the global Chinese society at the time.

On the day of her funeral, countless Hong Kong movie fans took to the streets to see her off, and all were empty. The famous director of Shaw Brothers in Hong Kong, Li Hanxiang, expressed sorrow: Lin Dai’s suicide was the biggest loss of Chinese film industry after Ruan Lingyu. She is a star that the Chinese film industry could not find for decades.

Lin Dai

Linda Lin Dai (Chinese: 林 黛; 26 December 1934 – 17 July 1964), born Cheng Yueru (程 月 如), was a Chinese actress of Hong Kong films made in Mandarin during the 1950s–60s. She was a star actress of the Shaw Brothers Studio. She was the daughter of Cheng Siyuan (程 思 遠), the secretary of the KMT Chinese President Li Zongren, and Vice Chairman of the CPPCC.

Lin Dai was awarded the Best Actress at the Asia Pacific Film Festival four times for her performances in films produced by Shaw Studio. While she attended short courses on drama and linguistics at Columbia University, New York in 1958, she met and fell in love with Long Shengxun, the son of Long Yun who was a former governor of China's Yunnan province. They married on 12 February 1961 in Hong Kong.

She committed suicide at home in Hong Kong in July 1964, using an overdose of sleeping pills and inhalation of methane gas, due to family matters referred by the media as "trivial". Her death shocked the Chinese community. She left behind two unfinished films, The Lotus Lamp and Blue And Black.




There are certain traits that all of us want to have. However, it will require a certain amount of effort from our side.

Most of us want a fit body with clear skin and a healthy mental state. The critical aspects of doing that include a properly balanced diet paired with a regular workout. Our bodies also need to be adequately cleansed from time to time, and to be able to do that, there are specific cleansing processes that one needs to follow to hit a reset. Our regular meals and all the junk we consume fill our bodies with numerous harmful toxins.

People follow specific processes to get quick results, but in most cases, these detox techniques are dangerous in the long run. In this blog, we will discuss a few detox tips that will help you get a natural one. Now, without any further adieu, we will jump right into it:
  • Lemon Juice & Warm Water
  • Green Tea
  • Better Sleep Cycle
  • Say No To Packaged Juice
  • Limit Alcohol Intake


The Straits Times 179th dating back to 1845

The Straits Times: Origins and Background
Reproduction of the very first issue of The Straits Times on July 15, 1845

With a history dating back to 1845, The Straits Times is the most widely read newspaper in Singapore with a reported combined print and digital readership of 1.34 million in 2014. It is currently the flagship English-language daily newspaper of Singapore Press Holdings Ltd (SPH), one of Asia’s leading media organisations with commercial interests in newspapers, book publishing, radio, television, new media, real estate, online classifieds, events and exhibitions, and education.

How The Straits Times was first conceived remains in dispute. The account given by Charles Burton Buckley – an amateur historian and a prominent resident of colonial Singapore – claims that the idea for establishing the newspaper came from an Armenian merchant, Marterus Thaddeus Apcar, who had employed an editor and ordered printing equipment from England for the purpose. Unfortunately, the intended editor died suddenly and Apcar went bankrupt before the arrival of the equipment. As a favour to Apcar, fellow Armenian Catchick Moses bought over the printing press and launched the newspaper in 1845 with Robert Carr Woods, an English journalist from Bombay, as the editor. Historian Constance Mary Turnbull disputed this account, arguing that it was unlikely that an Armenian merchant would have wanted to set up an English-language newspaper. In addition, she argued that given the limited size of the potential readership, it was unlikely that one would have wanted to start a newspaper to rival The Singapore Free Press, which was more established. However, it has also been postulated that Apcar wanted to set up a printing press to publish books in Armenian.

The newspaper was originally known as The Straits Times, and Singapore Journal of Commerce, a weekly paper first published on 15 July 1845. The first issue consisted of eight folio pages. The content comprised advertisements, an editorial, local news as well as foreign news extracted from overseas newspapers. The newspaper operated from its offices at No. 7 Commercial Square (present-day Raffles Place). With no more than 100 subscribers paying $16 a year, the newspaper struggled to survive. Moses withdrew from the business and left it to Woods in 1846. Timeline:
  • 15 Jul 1845: First issue of The Straits Times, and Singapore Journal of Commerce is published, with Robert Carr Woods as editor.
  • 1858: Newspaper becomes an afternoon daily and is renamed Singapore Daily Times.
  • 16 Feb 1869: Fire razes Straits Times office premises and printing equipment.
  • 1883: Daily issue is renamed The Straits Times.
  • 1888: Arnot Reid is appointed editor.
  • May 1900: Newspaper becomes a joint-stock company.
  • 1908: Alexander William Still is appointed editor.
  • 1928: George William Seabridge is appointed editor.
  • 1931: Newspaper purchases a rotary press.
  • 1937: Alfred Charles Simmons is appointed general manager.
  • 1942–45: Newspaper stops production during the Japanese Occupation.
  • 7 Sep 1945: First issue of the newspaper published after the occupation.
  • Mar 1950: Newspaper becomes a public limited company.
  • 1954: Printers go on a two-week strike.
  • 3 Apr 1958: New office at Times House begins operatons.
  • 1959: Newspaper headquarters relocates to Kuala Lumpur, and Singapore premises become a branch office.
  • 1966: Printers and journalists go on a five-day strike.
  • 1971: Printers and journalists go on an eight-day strike.
  • 1973: Newspaper restructured into two companies: Straits Times Press (Singapore) and New Straits Times.
  • 1975: The Straits Times Press (1975) Ltd is incorporated.
  • 1982: S. R. Nathan is appointed executive chairman; SNPL is formed as a competitor to the Straits Times Group.
  • 1984: The Straits Times Press, SNPL and Times Publishing Bhd are merged to form SPH, a multiplatform media organisation.
  • 1988: Lim Kim San is appointed executive chairman of SPH.
  • 2002: SPH headquarters moves to Toa Payoh North.
  • 2015: The Straits Times celebrates its 170th anniversary.
  • Aug 2015: The Straits Times reaches a daily average circulation of 481,700.

The Straits Times

The Straits Times (also known informally by its abbreviation ST) is a Singaporean daily English-language newspaper owned by the SPH Media Trust. Established on 15 July 1845, it is the most-widely circulated newspaper in the country and has a significant regional audience. The newspaper is published in the broadsheet format and online, the latter of which was launched in 1994. It is regarded as the newspaper of record for Singapore. Print and digital editions of The Straits Times and The Sunday Times had a daily average circulation of 364,134 and 364,849 respectively in 2017, as audited by Audit Bureau of Circulations Singapore. In 2014, country-specific editions were published for residents in Brunei and Myanmar, with newsprint circulations of 2,500 and 5,000 respectively.

The original conception for The Straits Times has been debated by historians of Singapore. Prior to 1845, the only English-language newspaper in Singapore was The Singapore Free Press, founded by William Napier in 1835. Marterus Thaddeus Apcar, an Armenian merchant, had intended to start a paper, hired an editor, and purchased printing equipment from England. However the would-be editor died abruptly, prior to the arrival of the printing equipment, and Apcar went bankrupt. Fellow Armenian and friend, Catchick Moses, then bought the printing equipment from Apcar and launched The Straits Times with Robert Carr Woods, Sr., an English journalist from Bombay as editor. The paper was founded as The Straits Times and Singapore Journal of Commerce on 15 July 1845.

The Straits Times was launched as an eight-page weekly, published at 7 Commercial Square using a hand-operated press. The subscription fee then was Sp.$1.75 per month. As editor, Woods sought to distinguish The Straits Times from The Singapore Free Press by including humour, short stories, and foreign news, and by making use of regular steamship services carrying mail that launched shortly before The Straits Times was launched. Historian Mary Turnbull disputes this account of The Straits Times' founding, saying that it was unlikely an Armenian merchant would have wanted to find an English-language newspaper, particularly given the presence of the more established Singapore Free Press. In September 1846, the paper was given to Woods outright because the press proved unprofitable to run and Moses was unable to sell it. The paper struggled with a lack of subscribers and newsworthy items to coverage. Woods covered the financial deficit by using the printing press for other projects, including the first directory of Singapore, The Straits Times Almanack, Calendar and Directory, published in 1846.

The Straits Times

The Straits Times is an English language broadsheet daily newspaper. It is the most widely-circulated and oldest surviving newspaper in Singapore. The paper was established on 15 July 1845 by Armenian businessman Catchick Moses and was originally known as The Straits Times and Singapore Journal of Commerce. The Straits Times is currently owned by Singapore Press Holdings. This particular edition of the Straits Times is significant as it is the first Straits Times edition of the 21st century.

Reflections on turning 170 today 15 Jul 2015
The paper was first published on 15 July 1845

There are no words to express my astonishment at receiving yesterday's copy of The Straits Times.

My immediate response on browsing through the bumper issue was to message my friends to get a copy before they ran out.

The 60-page special on the 170 years of The Straits Times ("Living History") was certainly a gift to all Singaporeans, and a timely one for the nation's 50th birthday.


Remember this plastic balloon toy from your childhood?

What is it made of? Is it safe for kids?
Sorry to burst your bubble but the chemicals found in this retro toy from your childhood might not be good news, especially for the young ones

It is a treat to find a toy from your childhood that is still being sold today. Like the little tube of gel that you squeeze onto the end of a straw and blow into a balloon. There was always a competition to see who could create the largest – and earn extra bragging rights if yours lasted the longest.

All manner of tricks were employed to that effect: Use a bigger blob of gel to get a bigger balloon. Created a whopper but it’s now collapsing? Suck the balloon’s surface to make a hole and blow in more air. To salvage leaky ones, you knew to carefully pinch together the sides of a hole to seal it.

The more curious kids in your time might have wondered what went into the making of this marvellous goo. Each tube simply had the words “Bestman Balloon” printed on its paper cummerbund. No ingredient list. No instruction even. If yours came in a box of 32 tubes, you might find a bundle of straws. But that was it. What goes into each tube of Bestman Balloon? And why does it have such a strong odour?


What Is a Web Browser?

How does it work?

The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines a web browser as "a computer program used for accessing sites or information on a network (such as the World Wide Web)." This is a simple yet accurate description. A web browser talks to a server and asks it for the pages you want to see.

How a Browser Retrieves a Web Page? The browser application retrieves (or fetches) code, usually written in HTML (HyperText Markup Language) and other computer languages, from a web server. Then, it interprets this code and displays it as a web page for you to view. In most cases, user interaction is needed to tell the browser what website or specific web page you want to see. Using the browser address bar is one way to do this.

Web browsers come in many different flavors, each with their own nuances. The best-known ones are free, and each has options governing privacy, security, interface, shortcuts, and other variables. The main reason a person uses any browser is the same: to view web pages on the internet, similar to the way you see this article.

These are the most popular web browsers:


Alternatively called a web browser or Internet browser, a browser is a software program to present and explore content on the World Wide Web. These pieces of content, including pictures, videos, and web pages, are connected using hyperlinks and classified with URIs (Uniform Resource Identifiers). This page is an example of a web page that can be viewed using a browser.

There have been many different web browsers that have come and gone over the years. The first, named WorldWideWeb (later changed to Nexus), was invented by Tim Berners-Lee in 1990. However, the first graphical browser and widely used browser that help bring popularity to the Internet was NCSA Mosaic.

List of current Internet browsers:

Web Browsers

A web browser is an application for accessing websites. When a user requests a web page from a particular website, the browser retrieves its files from a web server and then displays the page on the user's screen. Browsers are used on a range of devices, including desktops, laptops, tablets, and smartphones. In 2020, an estimated 4.9 billion people have used a browser. The most used browser is Google Chrome, with a 65% global market share on all devices, followed by Safari with 18%.

A web browser is not the same thing as a search engine, though the two are often confused. A search engine is a website that provides links to other websites. However, to connect to a website's server and display its web pages, a user must have a web browser installed. In some technical contexts, browsers are referred to as user agents.

The purpose of a web browser is to fetch content from the World Wide Web or from local storage and display it on a user's device. This process begins when the user inputs a Uniform Resource Locator (URL), such as https://en.wikipedia.org/, into the browser. Virtually all URLs are retrieved using the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), a set of rules for the transfer of data. If the URL uses the secure mode of HTTP (HTTPS), the connection between the browser and the web server is encrypted for the purposes of communications security and information privacy.