VITAL PARTS OF THE KNEE
Knee preservation surgery is a broad concept that uses minimally invasive keyhole techniques (arthroscopy) to preserve the vital components of the knee.
Knee arthritis occurs when there is cartilage damage, which causes pain and stiffness. Vital components of the knee that contribute to its longevity are the meniscus, cartilage and ligaments.
The meniscus is a crescent-shaped structure made of cartilage. It absorbs shock and stabilises the knee. Forty years ago, surgeons routinely removed the entire meniscus when it was torn.